You are out in the shooting range enjoying your target practice or out hunting for your favorite game, but your firearm suddenly jams. Firearms are known to jam due to several causes like excessive use or inbuilt defects from the manufacturer. However, if you do not regularly clean your firearm on a regular basis, then you are bound to deal with this. Cleaning a gun is something of a process that needs you to spare some minutes of your time to get it right. To effectively clean a gun, most gun owners have to disassemble the entire gun, that is, if you know how to disassemble and reassemble, and clean each component individually. Here are a few tips you may want to consider when cleaning your firearm to improve its performance.
Before getting into the cleaning mode, you need to equip yourself with the necessary tools and equipment to get the job done. Here are what you need,
• Gun oil
• Paper towels
• Gun cleaner solvent
• Dry patch
• Brush fitting your gun’s caliber
With your cleaning kit assembled, you can now settle down and give four firearms the attention it deserves.
Brush through the gun’s barrel
Soak your cleaning brush in the gun cleaning solvent, then brush through the gun barrel, ensure you brush it thoroughly, covering all the surfaces. After that, let the barrel sit for some time for the solvent to work and prevent fouling. For better results, gun owners are encouraged to use a bore brush as they can perform more efficiently compared to pipe cleaners.
Wipe of gunk on the frame and clean the rail, and slide
Use your rag or paper towel to wipe the gun from the gun’s frame. Do not use any alcohol-based rubbing liquid to prevent any traces of alcohol from staining your gun. To get the gunk off, you need to use a very clean rag or dry paper towel when cleaning these sections. Remember to clean the handguards, too, as they also tend to get dirty. When wiping off gunk, do not use any cleaning solution as this may cause other problems during the cleaning process.
For the rails and slide, you use the Q-tip to clean as many sections and corners of the gun to remove all the accumulated grime and dirt. Most semi-automatic firearms are known to getting gunky in the railings after being used frequently and consecutively.
Brush off the gunk in the recoil spring and Brush the barrel
Use your dry rag to clean off all the gunk from the recoil spring. For hard-to-reach dirt and grime, you can run your brush across the spring to get everything out.
Remember the barrel we left to sit and clean using the solvent inside? It is now time to clean it. Brush the inside again thoroughly, then clean and dry the outside of the barrel using a dry rag.
Use a pistol jag to clean the inside of the barrel and Oil the gun
Fit a patch to the jag and push it through the barrel till clean. For this, you can use as many patches as possible till you get the job done. Avoid dragging the jag back and forth as this may leave the barrel dirty.
A gun is still a mechanical machine that requires oiling for its parts to function optimally. Dip the Q-tip in oil and run it on the slide rails and shiny parts of the firearm. Remember to add some to the recoil spring, taking note to put it in excess.
Reassemble and dry fire
Give your gun a few minutes to sit before reassembling it. When reassembling, you can decide to clean brass before reloading. Reloading brass, at times, has residue collected both inside and outside the casing. You can insert the casing in a mesh bag filled with a chemical cleaning solution, rinse with water then allow it to air dry. After that, you reload the cartridges into the casings and test if your gun is working efficiently. First, dry fire it before putting in the bullets.