The harsh winter took a toll on your tree, and now that spring has sprung, it’s time to fix the damage. Give back to the tree that provides oxygen, fruit, and summer shade. These five tree care tips are the best chance to preserve your tree for winter, spring, summer, and autumn.
Inspect the Tree’s Condition
Decay, drought, and disease caused by the weather, soil, insects, and animals can cause stress on the tree. It results in animal bites, dead branches, cracked wood, tree holes, tree wounds, bark cankers, and root fungi. The solution is to inspect the tree thoroughly. Begin by cleaning around the tree. Rake up dead branches, fallen leaves, and trash. Next, check the leaves for spots, wilting, discoloration, or chew bites. Then, check branches, leaves, bark, and root for injury or disease. An arborist is much better at tree inspection due to the arborist’s educational and experienced background, so hire one if you’re unsure about your analysis.
Prune the Tree
A tree pruning reverses winter damage and improves tree structure, shape, growth, and airflow. Furthermore, it’s simpler to prune trees with bare branches than a tree with leaves and fruit. So, what qualifies as tree pruning bait? Dead branches are unhealthy. After all, it degrades the tree’s health. Dead branches are unsafe because it can damage roofs, windows, and vehicles when a strong wind blows them off. Remove distracting low branches to let more light in the tree. Crossing branches that rub against each other cannot stay either, so prune the thinner branch of the two. Last, remove diseased branches. Make cuts with a clean and sharp tree pruner.
Fertilize the Tree
Repair tree damage such as winter stress, insects, and diseases with fertilizer. It will replenish nutrients in the soil to help the tree grow. It will also prevent tree damage from developing. However, don’t grab any fertilizer to feed the soil. An arborist will help select the right fertilizer for your soil. Generally, a bio-stimulant or slow-release fertilizer is gentler to the soil than store fertilizers with chemicals that stress the tree or change the soil’s pH balance.
Add Tree Mulch
Soil needs more than fertilizer; it needs mulch too. Mulch benefits the trees by retaining the soil’s moisture, controlling weeds, protecting the soil from weather elements, preventing soil compaction, and aiding in organic matter development. It decreases lawn mower damage to the tree trunk to stop tree wounds from forming and infecting it with bugs. Mulch material can be ground tree leaves, wood chips, bark pieces, or a bag purchased from a home improvement store. The correct way to mulch is by pouring it three to six inches away from the tree trunk. Layer the mulch between two to four inches.
Water the Tree Correctly
Watering a tree is an art form, and watering incorrectly harms the tree more than helps it. Over-watering the tree deprives it of oxygen. Tree drought occurs when the tree doesn’t have enough water. The best watering methods depend heavily on tree type, weather, and soil, and only an arborist can sort that out. The alternative is to go with a less is more approach. Add a generous amount of water to the soil. Water the soil around the tree in a wide circle. Don’t let the water touch the tree trunk unless it’s a new tree. Don’t use a sprinkler or irrigation system; rely on a hose or hand watering so the water can reach deep in the tree roots. After watering the tree, allow time for the soil to dry completely before watering the tree again. Repeat.
The investment in making your tree lush and beautiful is beneficial. It makes the landscape look good, and it keeps the tree healthy for a long-time. Repeat this process every spring for promising results.